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The U. Ouattara is known to have strong connections with the West: he studied economics in the U. On the 19th of February a peaceful pro-democracy was set up by Guillaume Soro, Prime Minister of the Ouattara government, in several places around the country. Media censorship has also been reported and the clashes have escalated progressively, especially in Abobo, a particularly conflictive neighborhood of the city.

Independent media sites covering the unfolding events are saying that the regime is not only using military force on the opposition, but that it is also giving weapons to young loyalists and organizing them, instigating them to fight against militias such as the Forces Nouvelles , operating in the west of the country. According to this blog even young children have been seen carrying weapons, as well as reporting dead bodies with gunshot wounds and slit throats in Abdijan. They also put the number of dead at 17 people, although they admit it could be much higher.

Responding to the controversy today arising out of a publication by Private Eye , Wikileaks made a statement concerning its relationship with the journalist Israel Shamir, the subject of concerted speculation and rumour over the last few months. WikiLeaks statement that was given to, but not used by, the UK satirical current-affairs magazine, Private Eye:.

Israel Shamir has never worked or volunteered for WikiLeaks, in any manner, whatsoever. He has never written for WikiLeaks or any associated organization, under any name and we have no plan that he do so. He is not an 'agent' of WikiLeaks. He has never been an employee of WikiLeaks and has never received monies from WikiLeaks or given monies to WikiLeaks or any related organization or individual.

However, he has worked for the BBC, Haaretz, and many other reputable organizations. It is false that Shamir is 'an Assange intimate'. He interviewed Assange on behalf of Russian media , as have many journalists. He took a photo at that time and has only met with WikiLeaks staff including Asssange twice. It is false that 'he was trusted with selecting the , US State Department cables for the Russian media' or that he has had access to such at any time.

Shamir was able to search through a limited portion of the cables with a view to writing articles for a range of Russian media. The media that subsequently employed him did so of their own accord and with no intervention or instruction by WikiLeaks. We do not have editorial control over the of hundreds of journalists and publications based on our materials and it would be wrong for us to seek to do so.

We do not approve or endorse the the writings of the world's media. We disagree with many of the approaches taken in analyzing our material. Index did contact WikiLeaks as have many people and organisations do for a variety of reasons. The quote used here is not complete. WikiLeaks also asked Index for further information on this subject.

Most of these rumors had not, and have not, been properly corroborated. WikiLeaks therefore asked Index to let us know if they had received any further information on the subject. This would have helped WikiLeaks conduct further inquiries. We did not at the time, and never have, received any response. On 2nd March at 9. The latter two made written material available for the parliamentarians, reprinted below with their permission.

That material is reprinted with permission here. After short addresses by each of the three speakers, the meeting was opened for questions and summaries of each speaker in the proceedings appears below, after biographies. Tony Kevin retired from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in , after a thirty-year public service career.

It was a most constructive discussion, organised by Liberal backbencher Andrew Laming, and notable for the high level and numbers of political attendance, including Malcolm Turnbull Liberal , and Senators Doug Cameron Labor and Sarah Hanson-Young Greens. Many political staffers attended. The discussion was practically focussed, on clear and present dangers to Julian Assange's safety as an Australian citizen but living outside the legal protections of his own country, and how his human rights might best be protected by his government as complex legal situations in Sweden and the USA evolve in coming weeks and months.

Participants went away better informed and with a set of useful briefing papers that will help them better to evaluate and respond to future developments in this unpredictable and fast-moving story. Heartening was the general cross-party responsible concern for Julian Assange's welfare. It is good to see our parliamentary democracy working so well. If so, whether our government could or should do more to help protect him, either now or later after the extradition decision on the rape case has been made and implemented?

There is growing concern in UK human rights circles that too many people are being extradited from the UK whose human rights are then violated. Public concern about Assange taps into this. However, in the UK as in Australia, most extradition decisions are enforced, overriding appeals. Judges consider extradition cases on the procedural legality of the warrant, not on substance of the case. There is a built -in assumption that the receiving country will judge the case fairly and will respect human rights norms.

Some judges even say what happens later to extradited persons is none of their business as judges. Australian governments sometimes ask for political guarantees that death penalties will not be imposed eg in a landmark case of an extradition from here to Singapore. There is scope for Attorneys-General to override judicial decisions to approve extraditions, on political or humanitarian grounds, but these powers are rarely if ever used. I ask first, were the rape allegations against Assange an unrelated sequence of random events, or might they have been prompted or later exploited by persons with hostile political intent against Assange?

It seems that Assange was excited and euphoric and quite emotionally vulnerable when he arrived in Sweden in August He was living through a stressful time of virulent abuse and death threats from people in USA deeply angered by the harm they think Wikileaks is doing to American national interests. He may have naively thought he had found a kind of refuge from American retaliation among friends and supporters in what he thought was a safe liberal country.

He may have naively thought he could relax in Sweden from his normally very guarded personal life. Prominent well-connected figures in US politics both Republican and Democrat have expressed deep loathing for Assange, even calling for him to receive the death penalty or be assassinated for exposing US state secrets. A private contract could have been put out to entrap Assange in Sweden.

A lot of this kind of activity has been privatised in the USA in recent decades. I researched reputable US investigative journalism, as published on US internet sites like Huffington Post and the Swedish English-language internet site www.

They have raised disturbing questions about the position of the Swedish Government in the case, and its US connections. The present government in Sweden since is a centre-right coalition government under Prime Minister Fredric Reinfeldt. He leads the Moderate Party, actually a conservative party which has close ties with the US Republican right. Reinfeldt and Bush are friends. Reimfeldt is ideologically and personally close to the former Bush Administration.

These scandals include the Valerie Plame affair, the Bush White House e-mail controversy and the related dismissal of U. Democratic Party —affiliated state attorneys. Rove is proud of his Swedish descent and is close to the conservative side of Swedish politics. He has been a friend and political adviser to Reinfeldt for the past two years, and in his private consultancy role visits Sweden regularly e. The legal firm representing the two women in the rape case, Anna Ardin and Sofia Wilen, is a partnership, Borgstrom and Bodstrom.

Both men are former Social Democrat politicians. Bodstrom is a best selling author of spy thrillers. Last year he left his parliamentary seat and moved to the US for six months, citing a need for family time and to write another book. Sweden later awarded them damages for their torture. Borgstrom is the primary advocate in the complaint initiated by this legal firm against Assange.

He stresses that only he, not his partner Bodstrom, represents the women. Geoffrey Robertson said on 11 February that a toxic atmosphere has been created against Assange in Sweden by remarks about the case made by the Swedish PM on 8 February. Reinfeldt was reported by Reuters on 8 February:. What worries me is that they are trying to shy away from the fact that there exist allegations which are very serious.

I can only defend what everyone in Sweden already knows; that we have an independent, non-coerced judiciary. But everyone living in Sweden knows that is not in line with the truth. Likely that Assange will sooner or later be extradited to Sweden. Hard to see now after the exhaustive Riddle judgement how any UK appeal court could find grounds for disallowing the Swedish request for a European extradition warrant.

If anyone has entrapped Assange, they have so far covered their tracks well. It is equally hard to see how the UK Attorney-General could override on humanitarian grounds an appeal verdict that went against Assange, Sweden being a friendly EU member country with a high reputation for due legal process and respecting human rights.

Is Mr Rudd doing enough for Assange? And some awful possible scenarios down the track …. A complaint was made by Swedish women that Assange broke Swedish laws in Sweden and Swedish law authorities want Assange in Sweden to answer those accusations. If Assange were living in Australia and Sweden were to demand his extradition from here on these charges, it would present a very similar problem for Australian courts and an Australian Attorney-General as their British equivalents now face.

Rudd has already gone a long way to try to help Assange. According to a document leaked by somebody, it is not clear who, to Agence France Presse on 18 Feb my source is swedishwire. This seems a good action by Mr Rudd. But I note that these requests relate only to the matter of the case brought against Assange by the two women.

If the cases go to trial, Assange will be judged by Swedish courts, which are assumed to be independent of politics, and according to Swedish rape laws. If Assange were convicted, Australia could do nothing about any resulting sentence in Sweden except to ask for clemency — as our government often does in other cases of Australians sentenced abroad for actions that would not be crimes, or would be lesser crimes, in Australia.

How would Sweden respond to US? Would the response be any different from the way the UK or Australia would respond to such a US request, if Assange were to be living in the UK or Australia at the time? This contingency is possible from the moment Assange sets foot on Swedish soil. However much the Australian public might protest and they would! It would take a brave A-G and Australian Government to take such a decision, which would be applauded in human rights circles but bitterly attacked by conservatives.

Sweden — or Britain, if by some miracle Assange were able to stay in Britain - could be faced in a few weeks time with this same situation. How would the Reinfeldt government most likely respond? I would assume they would be inclined to say yes to the US.

What reason would they have for protecting a non-Swedish citizen fron US wrath? Like Pontius Pilate, they might wash their hands of the Assange matter. How would the Cameron government respond? Hard to say. Many of us regret that now. He was a member of the Victorian Bar where he practiced in criminal law from and has been a member of the Tasmanian Bar since Greg was chief of staff and senior adviser to a number of federal and state Liberal Party leaders and ministers from Political leaders should not undermine the presumption of innocence or make claims about the legal process — the Assange case bears this out.

The political necessity of the US alliance overrode the rule of law. Assange cannot be guaranteed safety by the Swedes. While their extradition process is similar to that other countries the political pressure from the Americans is a likely countervailing force that could undermine a proper application of extradition law. Peter Kemp is a solicitor of the Supreme Court of NSW and editor here at Wikileaks Central and has contributed various open letters and commentary articles on human rights and the law particularly in relation to Julian Assange and Wikileaks.

Peter Kemp made the following observations on the meeting:. My concerns are with the human rights breaches that have occurred in the Julian Assange matter and I believe these concerns were thoroughly ventilated at the meeting by myself Greg Barns and Tony Kevin. A fundamental principle which I stressed at the meeting in relation to any Swedish trial is that that if justice is to be done it must be seen to be done ,and not held in secret.

That the EAW system does not allow direct testing of the prosecution evidence is something that might be common with some extradition treaties, but some EU nations have pursued extraditions that are flimsy and have resulted in some rather unfortunate human rights abuses. The threshold is way too low. For the UK, prior to the Extradition Act passed in applications for extradition to the UK had to show a prima facie case, ie is there enough evidence on the face of it that a jury properly instructed could find an accused guilty.

All extradition processes should be akin to committal proceedings in principle and perhaps with witnesses being called only in cases where the defence can establish substantial reasons or special reasons for witnesses to be called to test their evidence, but otherwise all witness statements should be made available to the Magistrate or Judge for extradition purposes, as they are for committal processes, ie a prima facie case.

In any event extraordinarily high bail cash surities have been imposed on Julian Assange involving hundreds of thousands of UK pounds. The EAW is fast track system and was designed for terrorism offences across the EU at a time of great fear of international terrorism early in the new century.

It is being complained about and apparently will be reviewed soon. Now that does not bar an EAW extradition due to the very wide interpretation of what constitutes a prosecution. In NSW, by comparison, if a suspect is held in custody for more than 4 hours plus timeouts for investigation and no charges, then the case is very likely to be ruined for the prosecution.

Mr Assange has not yet been charged, a crucial fact, he is wanted for investigation and may languish for weeks or months in custody in Sweden without legal or other visits. Presumption of innocence and opportunity for bail are both constituent parts of the European Convention of Human Rights that Sweden is a signatory nation to. Reform of the EAW system is of course both a political question as well as legal one for EU member states plus Gibraltar and their electors in the EU, but we in Australia have a right to complain if a legal regime of extradition ignores breaches of human rights.

Likewise Amnesty International has the right to complain about prima facie breaches of human rights in this nation in relation to any matter they think fit, and any disagreement and resentment on our part about that is irrelevant as the nature of human rights is that they are universal and apply anywhere anytime. Sweden is obliged to enact into domestic law the European Convention. We might look at the activities of one Claes Borgstrom in the Assange matter. He is senior politician and a lawyer in Sweden who has made the various comments and engaged with the judicial process of Julian Assange as a suspect right from the beginning.

What one prosecutor dropped within 24 hours, he went to another and had reinstated. There was nothing unusual about different prosecutors, of varying seniority, coming to different conclusions about whether a crime had occurred. He refused to reveal sensitive details of the evidence provided to him by the women. He also said on another occasion that the alleged victims could not be sure of whether it was sexual assault as they weren't jurists.

Australian barrister James Catlin's article at Crikey and elsewhere. Mr Borgstrom is being paid by the Swedish government to make all those representations. Sweden allows this. In Australia it would, as Members know, be highly improper and reprehensible and in our system such statements from a politician would go a long way for a defence being able to argue that such utterings widely disseminated as they were, would preclude a fair trial.

If extradited, a trial in Sweden is conducted with one legally trained judge and two or three lay judges, the latter appointed by political parties. We of course have trial by jury and those jurors are selected from jury panels with both sides having an equal number of challenges to strike individual jurors off as part of the selection process. Mr Borgstrom statements illustrate that the Swedish Criminal Justice system operates by restricting the prosecution evidence available to the accused.

In our system and the UK and adversarial systems generally, there is a fundamental imperative and obligation on prosecutors to provide an accused with all the evidence, including exculpatory evidence. This is not the system in Sweden. Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights is highly relevant. Attorney General McLelland has sent me a letter dated 22nd February this year signed personally by him, and he says " Doubtless Messrs Gaddafi and Mubarak would have complained about other governments interfering if they had remained in power and ran star chamber courts to prosecute the protesters.

In those circumstances the senator Attorney General would have every right to complain about human rights being abused. Back on the subject of incarceration in Sweden as a human rights issue, Judge Riddle at the extradition judgement made a finding that Sweden would hold Julian Assange incommunicado if extradited. The Article 6 questions multiply, but in relation to that Article 5 arguably is highly relevant if he is incarcerated for weeks or months before trial: ie.

Release may be conditioned by guarantees to appear for trial. Prosecutor Ny is on the record as saying her policy is that all males suspected of sex offences should be incarcerated irrespective of the circumstances of the case. Sweden's lack of consent as an element to sexual assault is another concern which is troubling to me and many other legal practitioners that what was consensual may then be held to be an offence by a Criminal Justice system at trial on what appears to be a policy of extending the scope and liability unknown or alien to adversarial systems.

Lack of consent as an element to be proven by the prosecution, and having to prove it beyond reasonable doubt, is fundamental our system and to worldwide adversarial systems in these types of serious sexual offences for which there is at least one such allegation against Julian Assange. Not only must the prosecution prove lack of consent but it also must prove to the requisite standard that the accused knew or was reckless as to lack of consent.

Sweden has every right to make laws domestically but the question arises as to whether minimum international standards apply under EU law and particularly where the matter spills over into the international arena. It is difficult to reconcile our concepts of an inherited British justice system with one that does not have, among others the mens rea concept.

Two complainants went to police in Sweden last year seeking advice. In relation to that interview it is on the public record that they communicated with each other beforehand and were interviewed together. That means collusion of witnesses and contamination of evidence aggravated by the fact there was no electronic record of interview, only a narrative summary by police, this means that the chance for the defence to expose inconsistencies at trial are much more difficult, perhaps impossible.

No publicly known action was ever taken against that prosecutor. There is some publicly available evidence to support the contention that the two complainants approached the media as well which may surface in the sms message evidence. Australian people might ask just how that was allowed to happen contrary to Swedish law or regulations.

Again this is all publically available information and ventilated by a Swedish witness at the extradition proceeding recently. While these are matters for the Swedish criminal justice system, there are legitimate complaints that can be made of prosecutorial conduct and in so far as they are human rights abuses at least, the Australian people and government in my opinion is entitled to so complain.

This was the Agiza-Alzery incident in December where Swedish authorities signed off on US diplomatic assurances that the two Egyptian men would not be tortured when renditioned by the US to Egypt. Australians might well ask these political questions ever since the world saw some novel treatment of other foreigners and international law appeared to go into legal limbo in Guantanamo Bay. Again this is a question of whether political pressure is put by the USA on the UK behind the scenes and whether Sweden would recognise a grand jury indictment as a political charge precluding extradition under the EAW system.

Bob Beckel, an American political commentator and an analyst on the Fox News Channel, said, "There's only one way to do it: illegally shoot the s-o-b. Jonah Goldberg is among the less inciteful. Goldberg is a US syndicated conservative columnist and author who asked, "Why wasn't Assange garroted in his hotel room years ago? He said: "Can we have a CIA agent with a sniper rifle rattle a bullet around his skull the next time he appears in public as a warning?

You bet we can Peter King R-New York said, "I mean, they are assisting in terrorist activity," when he requested that the administration have WikiLeaks declared a terrorist organization. William Kristol wrote an article, "Whack Wikileaks" citing Marc Thiessen and asking, "Why can't we use our various assets to harass, snatch or neutralize Julian Assange and his collaborators, wherever they are?

Jeffrey T. He is aiding and abetting terrorists in their war against America. The administration must take care of the problem - effectively and permanently Assange is not a journalist or publisher; rather, he is an enemy combatant - and should be treated as such Assange the same way as other high-value terrorist targets. Julian Assange is no terrorist; he is not a war-defined "belligerent" acting with intent against the United States; and he cannot be treasonous against the US, since, by definition, he is not a citizen of the United States.

He is only doing what journalists do, excepting that he does not directly solicit material as the main stream media sometimes does, and if he is to be classified as a terrorist then the New York Times is also a terrorist organisation: ridiculous propositions both. Wikileaks goes out of its way to make the identity of leakers and the leaks to its system unidentifiable and untraceable.

If Julian Assange is extradited to Sweden and then as is a distinct possibility, extradited to the USA, we should ask ourselves can he get a fair trial in that political environment? Can he get his human rights and a fair trial in a closed court in Sweden if he is deprived of his liberty and precluded from seeing his lawyers while Claes Borgstrom might still be making representations on guilt before trial? Julian Assange is being treated on multiple levels Members, to a questionable extradition, and questionable prosecution.

If he is extradited to Sweden, as a bare minimum, we should insist on an open not closed court unless they can fully demonstrate the validity of an allowable exception for part closed court under European human rights law, and we should insist on a legitimate fair opportunity for bail. As I said earlier, the case of Julian Assange, is highly questionable, on multiple levels there being a large number of legitimate concerns. Thank you.

However, the economic inequality gap and government debts are huge, and show no sign of shrinking. The only legal political party, the Vietnam Communist Party, utilized state owned enterprises SOE as useful tools which enable the government to take a firm grip on the state economy. This came into reality with the help of centralized economy which has kept the circles of corruption intact. The level of centralization is cited in the cable 09HANOI that high politicians in VCP have power over economy sectors equal to no one else; for example, the Prime Minister Ngyen Tan Dung has the only right to appoint the chairman of the board of directors.

This collusion is also a major cause of immense gap in economic inequality; namely the gap between those who get both political and economic power and those who do not. Vietnamese dissents fight back through web; a war against government-led cyberattacks. According to an article from AP news in 11th February, the Vietnam government went further after it blocked Facebook in November, At least two prominent dissident sites got attacked, one completely disappeared.

This strong reaction was followed after the ever-growing effects of both websites. One of them, blogosin. It was shut down early this February. Another one was bauxitevietnam. Lots of people worried about the possible environmental problem it might bring. The website already got 17 million hits, which denotes a striking level of attention considering that 20 million people in total use Internet in Vietnam.

According to an article from AFP, blogger Nguyen Hue Chi, who administered the Bauxite Vietnam website, he said in Jun, that he was under attack from unknown hackers, which he believed to be the government. In alone, at least 24 websites had been disrupted in this style. Would the web in Vietnam be kept silent? Lots of Vietnam Internet users immediately started to teach themselves how to reach the blocked Facebook by simply Googling it. Want the most effective way of quenching the dissents in Internet?

The Vietnam government might succeed in closing the voices down; they would never be able to silence the spirit, the overwhelming desire toward truth. Due to the centralized economy, government authorities are sole legal actors who can switch legal status of any land. Besides, the legal procedure of dealing with various different land rights of the government and farmers are extremely complicated, which becomes the central loophole allowing public officials to blur the line where exact responsibilities lie.

Exploiting this, lots of corrupt officials can take away seemingly profitable lands, handing tiny amount of compensation money to the land owners. The victims mostly fail to find the proper government authorities to get the fair compensation due to the blurred responsibility. However, Vietnam has the lowest real estate transparency index among 15 countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The seized lands are reformed as luxury golf courses, urban residential areas, tourism sites, and other infrastructures.

In spite of immediate, violent crackdown of the government which leads to long jail terms and even to death, protest against the land seizures becoming notably frequent, spreading around the country. Former Pfc. Bradley Manning, the soldier accused of leaking classified information specifically a video showing U.

The accused military whistleblower, whom the army filed 22 additional charges against days ago, was reportedly stripped naked March 2 of all his clothing and forced to remain in his cell naked for the next seven hours until early in the morning on March 3. Coombs writes on his blog that a wake-up call was sounded at am, "Manning was forced to stand naked at the front of his cell," a Duty Brig Supervisor arrived and Manning "was called to attention," a detainee count was conducted and afterwards Manning was told to sit on his bed, and minutes later his clothing was returned.

This is "degrading treatment," Coombs concludes, that is "inexcusable and without jurisdiction. No other detainee at the Brig is forced to endure this type of isolation and humiliation. Indeed, since being put in the brig, the military has sought to break the spirit of Manning. David House, a close friend and frequent visitor at Quantico, described visiting Manning and how in the last months he has gone from someone who could carry a conversation to a person who is in an utterly catatonic state.

House believe House began to visit Manning in September. By late November, it became clear that he was more and more often too exhausted to talk with House during visits. The military is under a lot of pressure to link Manning to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, which they have been unable to do.

Recent charges suggest they may be trying to implicitly link him to WikiLeaks. The Article charge of "aiding the enemy" might indicate the military or government considers Wikileaks to be "the enemy. A charge of "aiding the enemy" does give the military the ability to give Manning the death penalty if convicted on that charge.

Military lawyer Jon Shelburne does not think there is any real reason right now to believe that the chief military officer will go back on what he has indicated and give Manning the death penalty. However, he admits until the trial is complete there's no way to be certain that would not be considered more seriously. Most importantly, Shelburne adds, the charge of "aiding the enemy" now makes it possible for the military to possibly give Manning life in prison without parole.

The military has placed Manning under a "prevention of injury order," which means he has been put on suicide watch. This gives the military the authority to subject Manning to harsher confinement conditions and restrictions--not allowed to socialize or eat with other detainees, not allowed to work in the brig, not allowed to exercise and be out of cell except for one hour every day, only allowed to exercise by walking in circles, etc. And, all of these conditions are conditions which Geoff Morrell, the Pentagon's press secretary, has consistently downplayed or outright lied about when talking to media during press conferences.

Morrell has said he is being treated the same as other detainees. House contends a "word game" is being played. Manning is the only "maximum security detainee" in Quantico. When officials say that he isn't being treated any differently than other detainees, military is essentially saying "he is treated the same as himself. David Frakt, lawyer for detainee Mohamed Jawad who was accused of attempted murder after he threw a grenade at a passing American convoy on December 17, , explained in his closing argument before a military commission how solitary confinement or isolation was used against Jawad.

He described two periods, one that appeared to be standard practice and another that he says "was ordered by intelligence officials upon the recommendation of the Behavioral Science Consultation Team psychologist to socially, physically and linguistically isolate this teenage boy in order to create complete dependence on his interrogator.

Jawad and to devastate him emotionally. The isolation failed in its purpose of persuading Mr. Jawad to admit throwing the hand grenade; he continued to assert his innocence. But it did have the other desired effect of causing emotional devastation. Prison records indicate that he tried to commit suicide on December 25, ". Assange reacted to the latest charges and the military's ongoing treatment of Manning saying they were "trying to make an example" out of Manning.

That might be the case. Daniel Ellsberg, who leaked the Pentagon Papers, points out the Obama Administration has gone after five whistleblowers, nearly twice as many whistleblowers as all previous US presidents combined. And, he notes the military appears to be seeking to discipline Manning and mount a prosecution that under civilian law in America would be nearly impossible.

Ellsberg is struck by the thought that if executed Manning would be the first American to be executed for giving information to Americans since Nathan Hale. He recalled that Nathan Hale said, "I regret that I have but one life to give," and compared him to Manning who in the chat logs indicated he was prepared to go to jail for life or be executed.

The intention of Manning is clearly alleged in the Wired Magazine chat logs between Manning and hacker and federal informant Adrian Lamo. The logs, Ellsberg notes, indicate that Manning had no intention of aiding any enemy. He believed that by releasing the information he would be promoting debate and discussion on events and issues that were being kept secret. Professor Kevin Jon Heller, who is cited in Glenn Greenwald's post on the military's new charges against Manning, writes in reaction to the charges, "if the mere act of ensuring that harmful information is published on the internet qualifies either as indirectly "giving intelligence to the enemy' if the military can prove an enemy actually accessed the information or as indirectly "communicating with the enemy' because any reasonable person knows that enemies can access information on the internet , there is no relevant factual difference between Manning and a media organization that published the relevant information.

The Obama Administration, however, has not treated media organizations as if they are acting recklessly, unprofessionally or in a manner that could be considered helpful to "the enemy. It was, for the most part, sober and professional. The Obama White House, while strongly condemning WikiLeaks for making the documents public, did not seek an injunction to halt publication. There was no Oval Office lecture.

On the contrary, in our discussions before publication of our articles, White House officials, while challenging somaterial, thanked us for handling the documents with care. The government was not interested in quarreling with the media organizations involved. Benkler reacts, "It appears as though the Administration either really did not fear disclosure, as long as it was by organizations it felt were within its comfort zone, or was using the distinction and relative social-cultural weakness of Wikileaks to keep the established media players at the table and, perhaps, more cooperative with the Administration's needs.

The New York Times and The Guardian have both had members of the news organization write books now that are being sold for profit. News organizations, including but not limited to those two outlets, have cited cables widely in coverage of current Middle Eastern and North African events. Read any report and chances are somewhere a few paragraphs down a cable is cited to color coverage of the ongoing uprisings and conflicts.

Yet, the media continues to approach Manning's inhumane treatment with cynical disbelief or chooses to keep a distance from the story. There is no consideration of the fact that how he is being treated is darkly similar to how "enemy combatants" are being treated at Guantanamo and perhaps that's because many in the US media are not appalled by the US government's treatment of Gitmo detainees or feel that socioculturally the press cannot display rage against a government that has tortured and abused human beings at the prison.

The media never had much use for the war logs as they put journalists and pundits in a position of challenging the Pentagon, Bush and Obama Administration's official narrative on the wars, but the fact that Manning has been denied a speedy trial and has had his due process rights infringed upon and continues to face solitary confinement that is tantamount to torture does not stop the media from using cables as a substitute for not having foreign correspondents available to cover certain stories.

They don't probe allegations from Amnesty International that the military has not provided "formal reasons" for his "maximum security classification or the prevention of injury assignment and that efforts by his counsel to challenge these assignments through administrative procedures have thus far failed to elicit a response. The following brief was submitted to the meeting outlined here by WL Central:.

Three speakers made themselves available for oral presentations and questions: Greg Barns, barrister from Tasmania; former Australian diplomat Tony Kevin and Peter Kemp solicitor from NSW, the latter two made written material available for the parliamentarians reprinted here with their permission.

The following brief was submitted to the meeting by Jennifer Robinson of the firm Finers Stephens Innocent. She is part of the legal team representing Julian Assange in the extradition proceedings requested by Sweden. Jennifer Robinson's biography. I am writing to you to provide a briefing for the meeting of members of Federal Parliament on Wednesday 2 March regarding the case against Julian Assange.

This briefing note sets out the timeline of events and the human rights concerns that we have raised in relation to Julian's case in Sweden. He is currently electronically tagged and held under virtual house arrest, having spent nine days in solitary confinement in a London prison for a crime that he has not been charged with and in relation to allegations that he emphatically denies.

It is mutually concerning that an Australian citizen like Julian has been treated in ways which would not accord with the standards of Australian law or indeed international law. As I set out in this note, if he is extradited to Sweden, he will be held incommunicado, in solitary confinement, and without bail for several months and then tried in secret on allegations which are weak and which would not constitute a crime in Australia or in the UK.

In such event, it can be predicted that Australians will be outraged and that considerable damage will eventuate in respect of relations between Australia and Sweden. It is hoped that this briefing note will act as a resource for concerned Australian MPs to raise questions and to take action on Julian's behalf. The allegations against Julian were made to police on 20 August Julian first learned of the allegations when he read it in the papers.

In providing this information to the press the Prosecutor contravened Swedish privacy and secrecy law, which protects the confidentiality of preliminary criminal investigations and is supposed to protect those being investigated from adverse and prejudicial media coverage. A complaint was made about the Prosecutor's illegal act to the Judicial Ombudsman but no action is being taken.

The illegality of the Prosecutor's actions was confirmed by our expert evidence in the extradition proceedings here in London, as was the fact that no remedy exists in Swedish law for the breach. The investigation continued on lesser allegations of harassment only. Julian volunteered himself for interview on 30 August in relation to this ongoing investigation.

Julian sought an undertaking from the police that his testimony would not be provided to the press. This undertaking was violated: his police interview turned up in the tabloid Expressen the very next day. Again, Julian has no remedy against this breach of privacy and the continued disclosures by police have continued to fuel prejudicial media coverage. Mr Borgstrom is a Social Democrat politician who was, at that time, campaigning for election in the election to be held the following month September and whose political platform and reputation is closely associated with sexual offence law reform.

The Prosecutor, Ms Ny, granted the appeal on 1 September and the rape investigation was reinstituted. Julian was not informed of this appeal or provided the opportunity to make any submissions. The Prosecution continued to provide information about the preliminary investigation to the press. Expressen applied for access to the police file on 1 September and this was granted: redacted versions of Julian's statement and emails between the police and prosecutor were provided to the press shortly thereafter.

We were only alerted to this on 21 January , some four months later, when this same material was disclosed by the Prosecutor to Mr Hurtig and passed to us. It is noteworthy that Mr Hurtig had applied for disclosure of the police file in September and November Both requests for disclosure were denied by the Prosecutor, Ms Ny, despite the fact that some of this material had already been provided to the press.

Julian remained in Sweden for approximately 5 weeks to answer the allegations against him. Through his lawyer Mr Hurtig, proactive attempts were made to arrange interview and to seek permission to leave the country. For example, Julian offered himself for interview on 15 September but this was rejected by the prosecutor because the relevant police officer was sick. An interview was finally proposed on 22 September more than three weeks after Ms Ny had begun the investigation for 28 September. Mr Hurtig was unable to contact Julian to communicate this request.

It is important to note here that Julian was, at that time, difficult to contact. Before Mr Hurtig was able to contact Julian he had already left Sweden for Berlin for WikiLeaks meetings associated, having been told on 15 September that Ms Ny had no objection to him leaving the country. He did not flee the country to avoid interrogation, as has been suggested by the Prosecution, but instead had left for a pre-arranged business meeting with Der Spiegel - one of his media partners in Cablegate, on the understanding that there was no impediment to him leaving the country.

Julian telephoned Mr Hurtig from Berlin on 29 September to inform him that his luggage had gone missing on his Stockholm-Berlin flight and that it was now presumed to have been stolen since the airline had not been able to locate and return it. He called to instruct Mr Hurtig to take legal action. It was then he was informed of Ms Ny's intention to interrogate him.

Julian offered to return to Sweden on October for interrogation. During this period, we offered that Julian be interviewed via telephone or video-link from London on the condition that the Prosecutor provide him further information about the allegations and potential charges. We offered his voluntary cooperation, through his Swedish lawyer Mr Hurtig, and suggested the use of the Mutual Legal Assistance scheme between Sweden and the United Kingdom.

These offers were rejected. In the meantime, I wrote to the UK police on 2 November and informed them that we acted for Julian and that he could be contacted through us for the purposes of any legal proceedings.

This is significant: throughout this period Julian had continually indicated his willingness to cooperate with the authorities by offering alternative means of interview to the Swedish and by reporting his presence in the UK to the local police. The widely reported suggestion he was in hiding from justice is simply false. After our voluntary offers of cooperation were rejected, the arrest warrant in Sweden was granted on 18 November Ms Ny, the Prosecutor, sought an arrest order to have Julian held incommunicado pending potential trial.

These pre-trial detention conditions in Sweden have been heavily criticised by the European Council and by the United Nations, in particular, for the treatment of foreigners. Just before the hearing on 18 November Mr Hurtig was, for the first time, provided a description of the allegations against Julian and provided copies of parts of the police file.

At that time he was also shown more than text messages between the two complainants and their friends, which contained important evidence about the allegations and the women's motives. However, the prosecutor refused to allow Mr Hurtig to take copies or to even take notes from this important evidence.

In correspondence with the Australian Embassy in Stockholm, Ms Ny justifies her position in refusing to disclose this important material on the grounds that Julian has not yet been charged. This highlights the injustice of the EAW system: Julian has been held in solitary confinement and is now under effective house arrest without the Swedish Prosecutor having to show a reasonable case against him - or, indeed, any of the evidence against him to the British court.

Despite Mr Hurtig's requests, Ms Ny had consistently refused to inform Julian regarding the specific charges to be brought against him before he was interviewed: interview by ambush is the preferred Swedish method. We had requested a specific description of the charges and the evidence in English as a condition precedent to Julian returning to Sweden to be interviewed.

This, again, was refused. The first document Julian received from the prosecutor in English was the translation of the EAW provided by the English police at Kentish Town Police station in London when Julian voluntarily met with police to answer the warrant on 7 December This was the first time he had been informed in writing of the specific allegations and potential charges against him in English.

I was with Julian at the police station and witnessed his shock and surprise at reading the allegations as described in the warrant. It is noteworthy that the both the EAW and the Interpol red notice were issued for Julian by Sweden just before WikiLeaks began to publish Cablegate with their media partners and were executed just days after publication began.

Had Julian returned to Sweden in October or November, we know confirmed by the findings of the judge in London on 24 February that he would have been held incommunicado in prison pending trial and we may not have seen the release of Cablegate. Furthermore, his Swedish counsel, Mr Hurtig noted at the time that it was highly irregular for an international arrest warrant to be sought in relation to allegations of this kind. The Swedish prosecutor has failed to disclose any materials to Julian in English the language he understands , which is her obligation under the European Convention of Human Rights.

Furthermore, she has failed to disclose relevant exculpatory evidence that tends to demonstrate Julian's innocence. The Prosecutor has apparently failed to consider and disclose exculpatory evidence in her investigation, as is her duty as prosecutor. It is not clear whether this evidence has been considered because, despite the fact it was provided to the Prosecution by Mr Rudling, it does not form part of the police file disclosed to us.

The parts of the police file disclosed to the defence on 18 November translated at significant cost to Julian demonstrate that police have acted improperly and in breach of proper procedures in investigating sexual offence allegations. This breaches police procedure: interviews with witnesses in sexual offence cases must be recorded in full video or tape recorded because the initial interview is important evidence at trial.

It is notable that all of the Prosecution witnesses interviews are recorded in summary format so it is impossible to know what the police asked and what their precise answers were in response. Only the interviews with Mr Assange and his friendly witnesses were recorded in full. These irregularities in police procedure will cause evidential problems in any trial, particularly if the reliability of the complainants' testimony is in question.

As to the strength of the evidence that founds the basis for the warrant, a number of observations can be made. First, evidence at the extradition hearing in London brought to light that not one, but two well-regarded prosecutors in Stockholm do not believe there to be sufficient evidence to found a prosecution. Ms Ny's own deputy, Prosecutor Erika Lejnefors, had told Mr Hurtig in November that the case would likely be dropped because it was so weak.

Nevertheless, an international arrest warrant was sought for Julian's arrest. Second, expert evidence from the most respected criminal lawyer in England, Professor Andrew Ashworth of Oxford University, concludes that the facts as alleged in the EAW and the police statements of the two women would not constitute rape or any other crime in England. Further, Julian has suffered immense adverse prejudicial media coverage in Sweden, fuelled both by the disclosure of police material to the press by the Prosecution and by the highly prejudicial media statements of the lawyer of the two complainants and funded by the Swedish government, Mr Borgstrom.

Mr Borgstrom has called Julian a 'coward' for not returning to Sweden and has alleged that his refusal to return is indicative of his guilt. The Prime Minister of Sweden intervened in the case by making highly prejudicial and pejorative remarks in the Swedish press following the extradition proceedings in London on 7 and 8 February The Prime Minister told the press that Julian has been indicted and is being prosecuted for rape.

This is not correct - Julian has not yet been charged, the preliminary investigation has not yet been concluded and no decision has been made to prosecute. The Prime Minister's comments are inappropriate given his political position he had, just weeks earlier, refused to comment on Julian's case on the grounds it was a matter for the courts and not for politicians and given that a key question being determined by the British court is whether the warrant is for questioning or for prosecution.

This clearly and unfairly mischaracterises Julian's defence case and has led to him being portrayed as an enemy of Sweden and of women's rights in the Swedish press. Other politicians have followed the Prime Minister in attacking Julian and his defence. Given the nature of the press coverage in Sweden, we have grave concerns as to whether Julian will receive a fair trial: he will be tried in secret, behind closed doors, by a judge and three lay judges jurors who are appointed by political parties.

The Swedish press does not seem at all concerned with the need for suspects to be presumed innocent and it is difficult to see how jurors could remain unaffected by this media coverage. It must be noted that this is simply the initial ruling on the validity of a EAW and did not deal with the substance of the allegations against Julian, which he has always firmly denied. The judgment concerns whether it is technically valid for a EAW to be used in this manner. The strength or weakness of the allegations, and even their detail, cannot be heard in a EAW case.

This is one of the central complaints made by law reformers about the EAW process - a civil liberties disaster and the subject of investigation and campaigns by human rights groups such as Fair Trials International. It must be remembered that under the EAW system, the British courts are bound to regard the prosecutors of no less than 26 countries, including Poland and Romania — as perfect.

The Extradition Act allows European countries to deem prosecutors and even policemen "as judicial authorities" a contradiction in terms, because they are neither independent nor impartial and to demand return of their suspects from the UK so long as they tick the right box on the EAW form.

In Julian's case, for example, they ticked "rape" and the court cannot dispute that the allegation is of rape, even though the leading authority on sexual offences, the Oxford Professor Andrew Ashworth, disputes this characterisation. There can be no questioning on the merits of the charges — in parliament abolished the traditional right of a suspect to require foreign governments to show a prima facie case before dragging them off to unfair trials.

It also took away the historic right of individuals facing extradition to show that the case against them was unfounded. Judge Riddle - a hostile judge - made a number of important factual findings. Judge Riddle ordered Julian's extradition to Sweden despite the fact that he agreed that:. The decision to extradite Julian is not final, nor as has been misreported does it "determine his fate".

Julian is permitted an appeal as of right by the Extradition Act. Thereafter, points of law may, with permission, be appealed to the Supreme Court. The appeal to the High Court was filed today in London. The dates for this appeal are not yet available but we anticipate it will be heard sometime between April and June.

It is our position that the EAW system should not simply be used as a rubber stamp, but instead ought to be used to improve the quality of justice throughout Europe. Extradition ought to be refused when the trial in prospect is likely to be unfair judged according to fundamental fair trial principles because only then can things improve and human rights blind spots be eradicated. If the British courts declare that open justice is the only possible justice by refusing to extradite Julian to Sweden, this would very likely have the result that Sweden would change its unacceptable policy.

Julian remains willing to cooperate with the Swedish investigations, provided that certain guarantees are provided in respect of the human rights concerns raised above. We would encourage Australian MPs who are concerned at Julian's treatment to raise the following concerns. First, to ask our government to seek guarantees from both the Swedish and British governments that Julian will not be extradited to the United States to face prosecution in relation to WikiLeaks publications.

Any such prosecution would violate the right to free speech and the protections of the First Amendment. His concern about being extradited to the US is justified in light of:. Toggle navigation. Embed Script. Size px x x x x Independent Publishers Group Subscribe 0. With a gradual acceptance of his destiny as a leader and hero of the people, this impassioned novel relates the maturation of one man while encapsulating the fever of the Chicano movement.

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Providing invaluable insight into the Islamic tradition, the Grand Mufti answers thousands of questions that have been posed to him over the years. Topics of discussion include, What is the relationship between Islam and other religions? What is the Islamic view of democracy? Each fatwa attempts to clarify important concerns that pose difficulty for the Muslims of today, and the complex answers offer answers that can be utilized daily. He is the head of the Dar al-Ifta, which is the premier institution in the Muslim world for religious legal direction.

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Emotionally confronting the reality of a loved one being diagnosed with incurable cancer, the author generously shares her experience of deep thought, light humor, physical challenge, and learning how to cope with helplessness on this pilgrimage of the spirit. Wilna Wilkinson is a writer, a motivational speaker, and a corporate trainer and coach in cross-cultural awareness, communication, networking, and presentation skills. Capturing the gentle valleys and exuberant rivers of the Lesser Caucasus, this reference also illustrates the spectacular Black Sea coast to the west and the stark but beautiful, semidesert landscape to the east.

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Murari R. Ajit M. Banerjee is a senior special advisor to the United Nations and an ad hoc consultant. He is a contributor to professional journals and is the coauthor of Reinventing the United Nations and Renewing Governance. Influencing the varied realms of cuisine, architecture, politics, art, and motorsports, this guide documents the vibrant impact Italian families had on South African culture.

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Simon Batchelor is the director of Gamos Ltd. Meoli Kashorda is an independent telecommunications consultant. Fatimata Seye Sylla is the director of the U. Digital Freedom Initiative of Senegal. Developed by Teruo Higa, a Japanese professor of agriculture, effective microorganisms EM are a cost-effective means to maintain horse well-being and improve stable conditions.

From growing and preparing fodder to treating hooves and keeping a healthy ambiance, this guide addresses the needs of professional breeders, private horse owners, veterinarians, farmers, and feed manufacturers. This handbook also includes detailed accounts by veterinarians, healing practitioners, and others. Ernst Hammes is an expert in effective microorganisms and the coauthor of EM.

Introducing rare creatures, the book shows how a local species can go to extreme lengths of adaptation and become the sole representative of an originally widespread family. The creatures featured are chosen for their memorable traits and include birds, insects, mammals, fish, and a miscellaneous group that includes coral, barnacles, and snails. The breeding bards that are conveniently placed below the maps show the full breeding season, as well as peak breeding for all species.

The resource also features the meaning of scientific names etymology and colloquial names in 13 languages. The moving memoir describes how she and the elephants developed affectionate relationships. As land invaders claimed the territory where her elephants roamed, she went into battle for the animals—and this compelling account reveals how she put her own survival at risk. Sharon Pincott is an Australian photographer.

Each chapter provides detailed insight into a particular decade and includes two central areas of collecting from that era, whether it is ceramic bathing beauties from the s, vintage clothes from the s, cars from the s, or Memphis design from the s.

Adrian Franklin is a professor of sociology at the University of Tasmania and a collector of 20th-century decorative arts. Piet Lombaerde is the editor in chief of Antwerp Design Sciences. Marc Muylle is the technical editor of Antwerp Design Sciences. Outlining key strategies for creating food precincts, the discussion notes how to grow produce all year and unify urban and rural life. Pressing concerns about environmental sustainability and building economics are also addressed in this strikingly designed book, which draws on a diverse array of examples, including the Dong Towers of Southern China, high-rise housing in Hong Kong and Australia, and the iconic towers of Seidler and PTW.

Lawrence Nield is an award-winning practitioner and theorist. Xing Ruan is professor of architecture and chair of architecture discipline at the University of New South Wales. Deborah van der Plaat is an architectural historian. Focusing on the Anglican and Church Missionary Society structures that dominated the period, this guide also takes a closer look at British church construction and early interactions between Maori and missionaries.

Insights into the resolutions of key arguments over carving and painting as well as the use of liturgical space are provided, examining particular buildings in detail. A groundbreaking work in its genre, this account sheds new light on the history of religion, architecture, and the presence of the Maori and Pakeha peoples in New Zealand.

Richard Sundt is an associate professor of art history at the University of Oregon. He lives in Eugene, Oregon. Janssens With items from the 17th congress of the International Association of the History of Glass, this collection showcases the work of scholars from all over the world.

In addition to numerous contributions on the use, manufacture, and trade of glass in the Antique period, the importance of glass in more recent historical periods is dealt with in detail. Finally, apart from contributions on stained glass, glass decoration, and the use of enameling, there is a substantial series of papers on the chemical analysis of glass.

Janssens is a lecturer and researcher at the chemistry department at the University of Antwerp. A testimony to the people of the Rio Grande Valley, these drawings and poems capture their spirit, their quest for happiness, and their struggles to overcome economic hardship. Steven P. Schneider is a poet, a writer, and a professor in the department of English at the University of Texas Pan-American.

He is the author of A. They live in McAllen, Texas. Norma E. Art, Design and Psychology Luca Damiani Combining art therapy with research on mood and temperament, this simple new approach to photographic portraits places both photographer and subject in creative roles. Handling and talking about personal objects is the key to these sessions, and subjects are encouraged to set up their own props and backdrops for the shoot.

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Lesley Harding is a writer, a lecturer, an art historian, and a curator at the Heide Museum of Modern Art. By using art to convey a direct and stylized social message, this commentary communicates that life is precious and should be lived to the fullest with passion, respect, hope, and dreams in order to combat these social issues. Luca Damiani is a mixed-media artist and works at Framestone, an Academy Award—winning visual effects company in London.

Previously unpublished photographs of the artists and their studios, as well as more than 60 images of new work, are featured in this sumptuously illustrated book. Art aficionados and students alike will enjoy this open look into the artistic process. Canterbury University Press is a publisher of natural history, marine biology, and New Zealand and Pacific history books.

Justin Paton is the senior curator at the Christchurch Art Gallery. He is the author of How to Look at a Painting. Through various artistic media and design, this account conveys the romantic story of a girl who is afraid of love and a boy who paints with his heart. Arguing that art is an ideal medium to express emotion, this study demonstrates how to celebrate and honor feelings.

Luca Damiani is an artist who works with varying artistic media, including animation, digital art, photography, mosaics, paintings, and illustration. He works at the award-winning visual effects company Framestore and is an art volunteer at Kids Company, a child-based charity organization in London. With a career spanning more than 40 years, Elias is a longtime follower of the pop art movement and a devoted practitioner of collage and photomontage techniques, producing autobiographical paintings and other artworks that are rich in symbolism, deeply personal, and strongly influenced by his childhood, his native Wales, and cinematic history.

Ceri Thomas is a curator and research fellow at the University of Glamorgan. This examination underlines the theory that applying focus when evaluating intuitive thoughts allows for a deeper understanding of feelings. Art therapists, psychologists, and those seeking insight will find this creative media approach helpful and inspiring. More than a simple catalog, this book is arranged in 10 sections, mirroring the different operating units of Medu. An extensive chapter illustrating the screen-printed political posters is contextualized with snapshots of Mnyele and George Metz creating the works in the fierce African heat.

Clive Kellner is a former director and curator of the Johannesburg Art Gallery. Green Reflecting upon an outstanding selection of antiquities from the Greek and Roman eras, this superbly illustrated examination provides an overview of the Logie Collection, covering nearly different priceless objects.

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Green is emeritus professor of classical archaeology at the University of Sydney. Ray Ellenwood is a retired professor, an editor, and a translator. Analyzing key aspects of the paintings—the role of the bible, the idea of the promised land, and the use of words and numbers—this consideration provides a fresh understanding of the subject, exploring his various studios, his involvement with the theater, and his life at home. The World of the Book could not easily be bettered.

A comprehensive history of book production, design, and illustration in the Western world rounds out this stunning review. Des Cowley is a rare books librarian. Clare Williamson is a senior exhibitions curator. I commend [its] courage and honesty. With humanity and hope, however, the chronicle shows how Bill turned his poisoned life around and now helps members of the Stolen Generations discover their voice, find their place, and put their pain to rest. Des Montgomerie has worked with Indigenous outback communities and has also recorded many interviews with members of the Stolen Generations.

Jo Tuscano has worked in education and multicultural community programs for many years and has an MA in creative writing. Ross Fitzgerald is an emeritus professor of history and politics at Griffith University in Brisbane. Lyndon Megarrity has a doctorate in history from the University of New England. This book will interest policy makers, academics, and the general public. Jessica K. Marina Larsson has published widely on war and repatriation history and is also an expert on disability and gender history.

Australian personalities, international politicians, and other prominent figures are entertainingly parodied, providing endless animated snapshots of everything from corporate scandals to frenzied consumer spending. Each chapter illuminates a particular symbol and shares lively anecdotes, showing that every symbol possesses a significance that goes beyond the surface.

Melissa Harper is a lecturer in Australian studies at the University of Queensland. Richard White teaches Australian history and the history of travel and tourism at the University of Sydney. David Levell is a writer, a journalist, and a television producer. He was a contributing writer and editor for My War and Victor Chang. A vibrant blend of personal recollection, history, Aboriginal art, and Australian indigenous studies, this survey will shed light on the lives of a scarcely known community.

Pat Lowe migrated to Australia from England and worked as a clinical psychologist in Western Australian prisons for many years. From floating the Australian dollar and liberating finance from its regulatory shackles to introducing a universal superannuation scheme, this survey charts the astounding growth Keating achieved in the value of the national economy and in the personal wealth of ordinary Australians. This account also depicts how the fulfillment of his vision was denied by his political opponents after the Australian people voted Keating out in A sensitive, quick-witted boy from a small town, Jack Muir adores his mother, yearns for affection from his father, and lives in the shadow of his accomplished brother.

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An honest assessment of an upbringing spent under policies urging cultural assimilation, she nonetheless recalls a strong mixture of Australian cultures, traditions, and religion. Told with candor and humor, this memoir captures the universal resilience of children with breathtaking sincerity.

In the early s, when the restrictive net of apartheid grew ever tighter, she moved to the United States; but instead of finding freedom and opportunity, she found racial discriminations that were sadly too familiar. Phyllis Ntantala is a writer.

She lives in Michigan. Chronicling her personal search for cultural identity, this account also delves into indigenous studies, Australian history, and psychology. This remarkable story is simultaneously universal and deeply personal and will educate and inspire readers. She is a contributor to numerous anthologies, and in she received the Inaugural Yabun Elder of the Year Award. Pond proudly estimates that in his lifetime he spent 19, days fishing and caught nearly 1.

Benjamin Pond was a fisherman and longshoreman who became a river keeper to English royalty. Maggie Smith-Bendell shares stories from her traditional Gypsy childhood in the rural South of England, from traveling the countryside and facing hardships to catching wild animals and earning a living from the woods, hedgerows, and fieldwork in the area. Filled with traditional recipes, crafts, old songs, and Romani words, this record includes the knowledge and skills that have been passed on from generation to generation.

It is wonderfully entertaining. She uncovers that she is not white but aborigine—which was kept a secret because of the stigma of society. This chronicle shows insights into the struggle to free South Africa from apartheid and reveals how that struggle manifested itself in individuals exiled outside of the country.

Searching for an identity in a foreign culture while working for improvements at home, this narrative explores the emotions of returning home. Lorna Levy is a writer, a former trade unionist, and a researcher who has spent most of her life in exile from South Africa. Based on a popular Australian blog, this is a celebration of the love between man and his canine—and what they learn from each other about living in the moment.

Regardless of what he writes. Nothing is careless or accidental. From running wild as a boy in Cornwall Park and joining the Labour Party at age seven to falling in love with Diane Henderson, a wide range of adventures and experiences are revealed with honesty and the clarity only time can bring. An Auckland native, Stead here paints his hometown as a land of myth and symbol, laying claim to his own land and its history.

Using his wonderful flair for language, he brings alive elements of legendary New Zealand literary history, such as his early friendships with celebrated writers Frank Sargeson and Janet Frame. Speaking out directly for the first time about his life— after once promising to never write an autobiography—Stead has here composed a truly inspired memoir, wonderfully illuminating the early beginnings of his own time and place in New Zealand history. Stead is a towering figure in New Zealand literature, having gained international acclaim as a novelist, poet, critic, and essayist.

He is a professor emeritus of English at the University of Auckland, where he has taught for more than 20 years, and a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. Written in a series of vignettes, the account vividly portrays the pain, fear, and joy of childhood as well as the breathtaking beauty of the landscape. Honoring the country folk among whom she grew up, the author remembers the inconsequential act of an adult neighbor and the death of a young boy, demonstrating how she learned the meaning of kindness and experienced the desolation of loss.

Filled with moments of impish humor and heartbreaking tragedy, this record observes the growth of a social and historical imagination. Anne Manne is a writer and social commentator. Born as a Serb in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Dedijer immigrated to the United States during the Great Depression and began his strange, lifelong odyssey through a turbulent century. This enthralling autobiography recounts his time as a member of the Communist Party, his recruitment by the secret U.

This breathtaking, humorous, and self-reflecting account tells of a human life shaped by the horrors and promises of the 20th century and a personality characterized by determination, curiosity, and an astonishing absence of self-pity. He died in Costello was the architect of the goods-and-service tax that helped eliminate public-sector debt and a supporter of the referendum suggesting that Australia become a republic.

In this updated edition, a new chapter on the global financial crisis is included. This invaluable narrative that combines a first-person memoir with a third-person perspective offers insight into a successful partnership with John Howard, which led to four election victories and the longest period of economic prosperity in Australian history.

Peter Coleman is a former member of Parliament and the editor of the Bulletin and Quadrant. Facing his illness with tremendous maturity, Anthony relied on his sense of humor to keep the people around from going to pieces and rallied them to fight for better services for children with this form of cancer.

Successful in setting up The Anthony Pilcher Bone Cancer Trust, he organized fundraisers for it until he died at age Spotlighting his influence in the United States, India, and mainland Europe as well as Great Britain, this account explores how this controversial figure was attacked in the Cold War years for his continued defense of socialist principals. Amand — A Biography James N. Amand, who left a promising career as a sociologist to take on the turbulent life of a union organizer.

James N. McCrorie is professor emeritus at the University of Regina. He was a longtime friend of John St. He lives in Regina, Saskatchewan. Janet November is a senior legal and policy advisor to the New Zealand law commission. Then taking a hopeful turn, this chronicle details how a year later, a determined Emily embarked on a mammoth cycle ride across Mexico not only to raise to funds for the Macmillan Cancer Support but also to celebrate that she is fit, healthy, and considers every day a new adventure.

Emily Parr is a brain-tumor survivor. She has previously worked for radio stations and on organic farms. Illustrating the subject as forthright as well as private and modest, this insightful and compelling evocation peels back the layers of the public firebrand to find an ordinary woman who negotiated enormous personal obstacles, raising four children while also striving tirelessly to improve the world around her.

Maureen Birchfield is a former teacher and student advisor. Presenting guidance for young business executives in the beginning of their careers, Mitchell also underscores the importance of balancing work and a personal life.

Through his many disputes with the conservative Howard Government, Fraser emerges as an enduring liberal, constantly reinterpreting core values to meet the needs of changing times. Margaret Simons is a freelance journalist, a writer, and a senior lecturer at Swinburne University of Technology. She published Blake and Tradition, marking her as a leading William Blake scholar, and works on Coleridge, Yeats, and Thomas Taylor subsequently followed.

Using letters, documents, and personal interviews, the extensive research shows how a woman from a modest background used her talents and ambition, in spite of the problems that they may cause, to achieve worldwide distinction in her chosen field. Philippa Bernard is a writer, a teacher, and a former bookshop owner. Even though apartheid itself had no virtue, the author, himself a young black man who spent his childhood under apartheid, insists that it was not a vast moral desert in the lives of those living in townships.

In this deep meditation on the experiences of those who lived through apartheid, it points out that despite the poverty and crime, there was still art, literature, music, and morals that, when combined, determined the shape of black life during that era of repression. Jacob Dlamini is a writer whose work has appeared in a number of publications, including the Sunday Times and Weekender.

Interviews and reports explain how a local memorial piece became an internationally recognized hymn. Chris Coughran is an honorary research fellow with the School of Culture and Communication at the University of Melbourne. Niall Lucy is a research fellow in the humanities at Curtin University of Technology. They are the coeditors of Beautiful Waste.

Having selflessly worked to save lives in the notorious work and hospital camps along the Burma-Thailand railway, Dunlop, known for his courage and compassion, became an Australian legend. More than different categories are explored— including health care and welfare coverage; financial compensations; vacation and personal days; family-friendly benefits; flexible schedules; and housing, relocation, and business-travel expenses—giving human resources professionals, benefits managers, and business leaders and consultants an accurate depiction of how to be competitive in what they offer employees.

Its mission is to serve the needs of HR professionals by providing the most current and comprehensive resources. SHRM represents members in more than countries and has a network of more than affiliated chapters in the United States, as well as offices in China and India. More than 20 aspects of employee jobs— including career development, relationship with management, compensation and benefits, and work environment—are examined.

The results then are compared with previous surveys, and changes in respondent perceptions are discussed, offering a comprehensive analysis by industry, age, gender, and tenure. Descriptions are provided of the vast role that statistics play in fields such as marketing, finance, human resources, production, and logistics. Rather than being a passive observer, this guide educates the meaning behind the numbers that allow those in business situations to be informed members of the decisionmaking process.

Trevor Wegner is a statistical consultant and a former lecturer of marketing research and management science at the University of Cape Town. He is the author of Quantitative Methods for Marketing Decisions. It is great to see such insight coming from a group of talented New Zealanders who have developed a real deep niche and knowledge of the Kiwi business person.

Illustrated throughout with diagrams and exercises, this accessible handbook provides answers to the most critical questions regarding business models, financial drivers, leadership, and team-building. From start-up entrepreneurs and established family businesses to farms and factories, this examination draws on real-life business careers and international research, celebrating the vision, determination, and tenacity of owner-managers.

Stressing a healthy balance between professional and personal lives, this analysis is the essential toolkit to conducting small to medium-sized businesses more efficiently. David Irving is the former chief executive officer and area director of Heinz-Wattie in Australasia.

Deborah Shepherd is a senior lecturer in the management and international business department at the University of Auckland. Christine Woods is a senior lecturer in the faculty of business and economics at the University of Auckland.

This is the ultimate guide to finding the right fit for any professional experience! Addressing how individuals no longer wish to compartmentalize their lives or separate themselves from how they contribute at work, this handbook emphasizes the significance of ensuring that all staff members share the same standards, guaranteeing that they will operate powerfully together. The potential roadblocks of incongruent belief systems are also explored, explaining how they can be detrimental to the growth and momentum of any organization.

Demonstrating how to establish the ideal culture in any given workplace, this examination is key to forming the most efficient team in any professional environment. Presented in an accessible and engaging manner, a practical key assessment tool for employee branding is also included, focusing on the need for identifying organizational balance and alignment. She lives in Huntington Beach, California. The study argues that warding off discriminatory practices is not just about doing the right thing or about following the law but instead is about bettering workplaces, nurturing employees, cultivating resources, and exceling through the production of talent.

Cari M. Jude Sotherlund is president of Sotherlund Consulting. Ideal for CEOs in the executive suite as well as supervisors on the shop floor, this guide combines systemic, strategic-level possibilities with a continuous array of both practical and tactical charts, tools, grids, assessments, models, and checklists. They both live in Los Angeles. Reviewing how to overcome common obstacles, apply proper ethics, and operate on both a domestic as well as a global scale, this examination emphasizes the development, retention, and transfer of organizational knowledge.

Including details on finding such relevant facts as the size of a potential market, the consumer habits in that market, and the competitive and environmental factors that may affect a campaign, this primer will guide readers to become savvy marketing managers.

Jan Wiid and Colin Diggines are senior lecturers in marketing in the department of marketing and retail management at the University of South Africa. Covering a wide spectrum of pertinent issues, this guide provides a unique perspective on how, for the first time in history, four generations are working side-byside—Traditionalists, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Millennials.

Emphasizing how each group brings different work styles and strengths to the workplace, this analysis offers recommendations on how organizations can benefit from this diverse and broad base of knowledge. Areas covered include organization leadership, the religious diversity of employees, the impact of religious accommodation on employee perceptions, and claims for discrimination based on religion.

Presenting an analysis of results, this report examines differences by industry, staff size, and employment sector. Phillips and Stanley M. They are the coauthors of Strategic Staffing. They both live in Annandale, New Jersey. Wellresearched and fully documented, this manual explores how to hire employees outside of the company when internal staffing methods are not effective. Well-researched and fully documented, this overview discusses key laws, explains the different enforcement agencies, explores bases for lawsuits, and illustrates barriers for legally defensible staffing.

Ensuring that the right people are in place at the right time, these practices help employers be proactive and smart about hiring. Topping and P. This unique record covers a wide range of theories related to high-performance computing, and topics include parallel environments, nextgeneration processors, architectures and methods for HPC, grids and cloud portals, domain decomposition methods, solver technology, and preconditioned iterative methods and hybrid time domain methods.

Among the key issues discussed are the importance of localization in the African context; barriers to more widespread use of African languages in internet computer technology; and by whom, for which languages, and in which countries efforts are being made. Don Osborn is a founder and a director of Bisharat, Ltd. It is the implementing organization of the PanAfrican Localization project. He lives in Ottawa, Canada.

Concentrating on the architecture and development of information systems, the guide discusses governance with CobiT and operational management with ITIL. Claude Doom is a lecturer in business information systems at the Hogeschool Universiteit Brussel, based in Brussels, Belgium.

Considering topics such as cooking, recipes, both domestic and professional chefs, and food developments, this handbook appraises the substance of everyday life. Arguing for a more holistic, less structured approach to food and dining, this consideration is sure to interest foodies and general readers alike. She has contributed articles on food and gastronomy to the Australian and the Sydney Morning Herald.

Seafaring stories of mutiny, murder, piracy, and heroism are also incorporated, celebrating Australia and its maritime history. Andrew Dwyer is an experienced bushman, a chef, and the author of Outback. John Hay is an award-winning photographer who has worked for Gourmet Traveller and Vogue Entertaining. From the experiments and schemes of the s through the introduction of digital radio in , this sweeping study moves from Sydney to Adelaide, Launceston to Cairns, Broken Hill to Albany.

Exploring the varied programming genres of drama, music, quiz shows, sports, and politics, the in-depth research traces the engagement of commercial radio with various communities of Australian listeners. Based on a blog, this record is a personal look into the life of a young professional. Michaela McGuire is a columnist at the Sunday Age. The 13 papers included in this multidisciplinary collection span politics, anthropology, environmental studies, social psychology, and cultural studies.

Exploring the risks that must be taken, and the possibilities that require imagination to create, the framework for a dialogue between peoples and a peaceful coexistence emerges as the contributors address how humans can learn to live with one another. Fearlessly questioning the involvement of corporations that target kids and promote sexuality, this analysis evaluates the effects of media saturation on children and families.

This timely guide is an essential resource that offers practical advice on how to engage in popular culture with children and how to understand their relationship with media and new technology. Karen Brooks is an associate professor of media studies at Southern Cross University, a columnist for the Courier-Mail, and a regular expert commentator in the media. She writes a feature for Child magazine.

This compelling journey through the films of one of the best British directors working in contemporary cinema today is also supported by quotes from cast and crew members as well as from Boyle himself. A wide range of his interests are represented here, including literary and art criticism, political analysis, social commentary, memoirs, and tributes.

Rupert Roopnaraine is a leading Caribbean intellectual, a political activist, and member of the Guyanese parliament. It challenges us to consider our choices and responsibilities in a time of deep crisis. It is about trying to understand the extent of the calamity that befell us through the mismanagement of AIDS, and how it happened, so as to forewarn us against a repetition.

She is a multiaward-winning journalist who has worked in the media since the mids. Debunking past attempts to improve the tragic situation of many Aboriginal communities, this record discusses reform efforts alongside declines in safety, health, literacy, numeracy, and employment. Groundbreaking and informative, this document offers fresh insight and hope.

Peter Sutton is an anthropologist and linguist. Controversial issues include interest rates, labor markets, the breakaway COPE party, and how far to the Left a Zuma government can swing, given economic constraints. Raymond Parsons teaches in the department of economic and management sciences at the University of Pretoria.

Raju and Ramesh Chand From both global and local perspectives, this study examines the genesis of agricultural insurance in India and discusses the various systems launched in the country and the coverage they provide. Arguing that agricultural insurance has not progressed as it should in India—due to the significant need to protect farmers from climatic aberrations and other factors that seriously affect production and farm income—this volume looks into the role of government in implementing agricultural insurance mechanisms.

Comparing the advantages of public and private insurance products and highlighting the reasons behind their ineffectiveness, this comprehensive analysis suggests more suitable programs. He is the recipient of the Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University Gold Medals for outstanding achievement in agricultural economics at the university level and the Team Research Award bestowed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He is the author of Free Trade Area in Asia.

Where science addresses how things are and design explores the possibilities available, both arenas challenge the physical world, while art transforms reality by giving it new meaning, raising the physical to the metaphysical. The various contributions work to unite these seemingly disparate approaches, where several disciplines are not only interacting but reintegrated into a greater synthetic system.

Piet Lombaerde is a professor of history and theory of architecture and urbanism at the Higher Institute of Architectural Sciences Henry van de Velde. Sengupta Based on earlier work of the National Commission for Enterprises, this overarching report provides a perspective and strategy for expanding employment in India. Set up by the government of India, the goal of the commission was to review the status of unorganized sector in India, including the nature of enterprises, their size, spread and scope, and magnitude of employment.

The report takes an aggregative perspective of what the commission calls the central problem of the challenge of employment, namely, deficit in its quantity and quality. With an examination of the issue of labor market reforms in India, the report offers numerous suggestions and concrete recommendations towards attaining the objective of maximizing employment. Arjun K. Using detailed graphs, charts, statistics, and images, this study focuses on the presence of a high number of endemic crops, diversity in agro-climatic conditions, possibilities to produce for off-season markets, organic production practices, the relative high education of producers, a strong agricultural research capacity, and an active civil society.

ADB is an international development finance institution that helps developing countries reduce poverty and improve quality of life. IFPRI seeks sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty. In addition to examining the global reasons for the downturn, this exploration also offers suggestions for going forward, restoring development, and setting economic policies. Rangarajan Offering insights into a variety of economic problems in India, this volume explores everything from monetary policy and financial stability to economic growth, social development, and globalization.

With extensive references to original works, this account examines updated data and answers important financial questions on topics that include economic reform, foreign trade, and agricultural and industrial growth. This resource is an ideal introduction to the Indian economy. Exploring the reasons for skewed regional distribution of FDI in both the countries, this report considers the nature, type, sources, and direction of inflows to India and China.

Drawing conclusions based on concrete empirical evidence and supported by statistics, this study articulates the role of pragmatic policy, strong infrastructure, and a conducive operating environment in driving massive FDI flows into China and advocates a reorientation of policies relating to the development of infrastructure, labor laws, and state-approved investments in order to accelerate the pace of FDI inflows into India.

Pamela Golah is a gender program specialist. She lives in Ottawa, Ontario. The first part of the book focuses on the variegated dimensions of the Indian economic landscape, while the second part addresses the international repercussions of economic development with emphasis on capital flows, international monetary issues, and globalization.

Deena Khatkhate is a former director of research at the Reserve Bank of India. Looking at growth rate, oil consumption, global growth, and resources, six models with different analytical approaches are examined. Kirit S. Parikh is a distinguished economist. Highlighting a selection of papers delivered at the conference, the presentations discuss port economics, spatial planning, transport investments, automotive transport, travel behavior, passenger transport, multimodal transport, and traffic safety.

Cathy Macharis teaches courses in operations and logistics management at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. A number of specific policy recommendations for regulating the interaction of large retailers with small suppliers are included, as well as strategies for strengthening the competitive response of the traditional retailers. Assorted essays analyze significant themes of finance, development, and central banking as well as the defining aspects of colonial Indian economic history.

He lives in Washington, DC. Rangarajan Introduction by K. Chakrabarty Seeking to collate primary research based on grassroots experiences from project sites and field visits, this study presents key interventions and intermediations to speed up the process of financial inclusion, and thereby poverty alleviation. Establishing a clear link between financial access, financial exclusion, financial inclusion, and poverty alleviation, the book measures the performance of various credit programs, including microfinance, and evaluates their success and impact.

Chakrabarty is deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India. Numerous field cases are used to illustrate the methods, and the accompanying CD-ROM provides readers with a quick start to applying the methods to their own decisions. Wim De Keyser is the information and communication technologies director at Smals, a service delivery company for Belgian social security institutions.

Johan Springael is a professor at the University of Antwerp. Part A of the report explores the nature and magnitude of the need for such strategies through the observation and analysis of a wide range of contemporary migratory patterns linked to economic purposes, while Part B discusses the contours of possible policy response. Questions directly addressed include: What organizing principles should be adopted?

International Organisation for Migration IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental partners. Established in , IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all, working in four broad areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and forced migration.

Headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. Among the findings presented is a need for the department of education to assume a critical role in the development of the beginners. Wally Morrow is a former professor who established the academic journal Perspectives in Education. Women in engineering is a particular focus of this research, which examines the factors that influence their career focus and the barriers they experience in the marketplace.

A comprehensive analysis of professionals and students, this guide focuses on enrollment, graduation, employment opportunities, and other demographics of engineers. Among the topics examined are how social justice and sustainability for the majority in the world are interlinked with work and the workplace environment and why long-held principles of work and lifelong learning should be turned inside out through a rigorous critique of underlying social relations.

Linda Cooper is a senior lecturer at the University of Cape Town. Shirley Walters is a professor at the University of Western Cape. Have I the resources to do so? Where will I live? Should I work or volunteer? Highlighting issues and presenting a bevy of information, this reference aids international students in making informed choices.

Using qualitative and quantitative research to address issues such as student-to-teacher ratios in public and independent schools, the study concludes that a bold vision for sustained investment in teacher education is a first priority. Highlighting the extremely low levels of interest in teaching, this investigation underscores the implications this has for sustainable teacher supply and for the health of an education system, upon which the future of South Africa depends.

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